Ohio data

The information below is taken from the CDC Wonder website. Their data is provided for years 1999 through 2020.*

*2021 data should be available by Jan. 2023.

Screenshot US Deaths 10 yr.png

10 YEARS OF US FIREARM DEATHS

10 Year US Total Deaths:

2011 Total Deaths: 32,351

2020 Total Deaths: 45,222

2011-2020 Comparison: +40%

10 Year US Suicide Deaths:

2011 Suicide Deaths: 19,990

2020 Suicide Deaths: 24,292

2011-2020 Comparison: +22%

10 Year US Homicide Deaths:

2011 Homicide Deaths: 11,068

2020 Homicide Deaths: 19,384

2011-2020 Comparison: +75%

OHIO FIREARM DEATHS

10 Year Ohio Total Deaths:

2011 Total Deaths: 1,227

2020 Total Deaths: 1,764

2011-2020 Comparison: +44%

10 Year Ohio Suicide Deaths:

2011 Suicide Deaths:  726

2020 Suicide Deaths:  903

2011-2020 Comparison: +24%

10 Year Ohio Homicide Deaths:

2011 Homicide Deaths:  453 

2020 Homicide Deaths:  824

2011-2020 Comparison: +82%

Screenshot OH Deaths 10 yr.png
Screenshot Death Rates 10 yr.png

US & OHIO FIREARM DEATH RATES

10 Year US Death Rates (per 100,000)

2011 US Crude Rate: 10.38

2020 US Crude Rate: 13.70

2011-2020 Comparison: +32%

10 Year Ohio Death Rates (per 100,000)

2011 OH Crude Rate:  10.63

2020 OH Crude Rate:  15.10

2011-2020 Comparison: +42%

Comparing Ohio to Overall US Rate:

2011: Ohio rate was 2% above US rate

2020: Ohio rate was 10% above US rate 

CONCLUSION: MORE GUNS IN MORE HANDS LEAD TO MORE GUN VIOLENCE FOR OHIOANS

Comparing 10 Years of Gun Death Numbers - US and Ohio:

  • both US and Ohio gun deaths increased significantly over 10 years;

  • both the US and Ohio experienced relatively stable numbers from 2011-2014, then increased sharply to plateau again from 2017-2019 only to rise again dramatically in 2020;

  • Note: we will not have 2021 numbers from the CDC until late in 2022, but Gun Violence Archive also builds a respected gun violence database, and Gun Violence Archive has a preliminary estimate of nearly 45,000 US gun deaths in 2021 (https://www.gunviolencearchive.org/past-tolls);

 

Comparing 10 Years of Gun Death Rates - US and Ohio:

  • comparing gun death rates allows a direct comparison of Ohio data to US data;

  • at the beginning of this period Ohio's gun death rate was approximately equal to the overall US rate, but in 2015 that began to change - since then Ohio's gun death rate has been significantly and consistently above the overall US rate;

  • Ohio's gun suicide rate and Ohio's gun homicide rate are both increasing even faster that the overall US rates;

  • years of policies and laws that promote easy access to guns and the proliferation of guns into more hands and more places have not made Ohioans safer; in fact the data shows that firearms are an increasing threat to Ohioans' safety.

 

The data below comes from our friends at the Whitney strong organization
(whitneystrong.org/blog)

WhitneyStrong.jpg
What else has been going on in Ohio in the last 20 years that might account for the great increase in gun deaths and gun death rates?
POPULATION GROWTH
Does population growth in Ohio explain the growth in gun deaths? Logically, a growing population might explain the growth in gun violence.

But that is not the case.


The graph at right compares Ohio's population growth from 2000 to 2020
to the growth in numbers of gun deaths and the growth in gun death rate.
Ohio's population has increased less than 3% since 2000 but gun violence has nearly doubled since then.


Sources: US Census, CDC-WONDER
Screenshot OH Pop Growth Comparison .png
LEGISLATION
Does Ohio's expansion of rights for gun owners in the past 20 years offer an explanation for increased gun violence in the state?
 
The timeline below highlights key legislation passed in Ohio that expanded the rights of gun owners to carry concealed firearms, expanded legal defenses for using a gun against another person, and reduced restrictions on gun owners' rights.
  • 2004: Ohio passes “shall issue” concealed carry law;
  • 2006: Ohio passes law to establish state preemption on gun regulation (later upheld by Ohio Supreme Court) against "home rule" challenges;

  • 2008: Ohio passes law that secures “Castle Doctrine” rights in home and car and also expands rights of permit holders to carry concealed guns into many previously prohibited places;

  • 2011: Ohio passes law to expand concealed carry rights into establishments that serve alcohol, both restaurants and bars, based on the condition that the concealed carrier will not drink;

  • 2012: Ohio passes law reducing competency requirements for concealed carry permits renewals;

  • 2014: Ohio passes law reducing the training requirement for concealed carry permits as well as eliminating or reducing numerous restrictions on concealed carry rights;

  • 2016: Ohio passes law to permit concealed carry in numerous previously prohibited places including day care facilities and higher ed institutions with permission, and employer owned parking lots;

  • 2020: Ohio passes “stand your ground” law expanding the right to claim self defense as a legal justification for the use of deadly force;

  • 2022: Ohio is close to passing more laws to make guns easier to obtain and carry, including laws to eliminate the need to obtain a permit in order to carry a concealed firearm (including the background check and training currently required for the permit), and a law to make it much easier for teachers to be armed in school.