Ohio data

The information below is taken from the CDC Wonder website. Their data is provided for years1999 through 2019.*

*2020 data should be available by Jan. 2022.

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US FIREARM DEATHS

10 Year US Total Deaths:

2010 Total Deaths: 31,672

2019 Total Deaths: 39,707

2010-2019 Comparison: +25%

10 Year US Suicide Deaths:

2010 Suicide Deaths: 19,392

2019 Suicide Deaths: 23,941

2010-2019 Comparison: +23%

10 Year US Homicide Deaths:

2010 Homicide Deaths: 11,078

2019 Homicide Deaths: 14,414

2010-2019 Comparison: +30%

OHIO FIREARM DEATHS

10 Year Ohio Total Deaths:

2010 Total Deaths: 1,148

2019 Total Deaths: 1,578

2010-2019 Comparison: +37%

10 Year Ohio Suicide Deaths:

2010 Suicide Deaths:  724

2019 Suicide Deaths:  980

2010-2019 Comparison: +35%

10 Year Ohio Homicide Deaths:

2010 Homicide Deaths:  396 

2019 Homicide Deaths:  565

2010-2019 Comparison: +43%

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20 YR Rate US & Ohio.jpg

US & OHIO FIREARM DEATH RATES

20 Year US Death Rates (per 100,000)

2000 US Crude Rate: 10.2

2019 US Crude Rate: 12.1

2000-2019 Comparison: +19%

20 Year Ohio Death Rates (per 100,000)

2000 OH Crude Rate:   7.8

2019 OH Crude Rate:  13.5

2000-2019 Comparison: +73%

Comparing Ohio to Overall US Rate:

2000: Ohio rate was 24% below US rate

2019: Ohio rate was 12% above US rate 

CONCLUSIONS

Comparing Gun Death Numbers:

  • both the US and Ohio increased significantly over 10 years;

  • both the US and Ohio experienced relatively stable numbers from 2010-2014, then increased sharply to plateau again from 2017-2019;

  • we will not have 2020 numbers from the CDC until late in 2021, but Gun Violence Archive also builds a respected gun violence database, and Gun Violence Archive has a preliminary estimate of over 43,500 deaths in 2020, a 10% increase over 2019 (https://www.gunviolencearchive.org/past-tolls);

 

Comparing Gun Death Rates:

  • comparing gun death rates allows a direct comparison of Ohio data to US data;

  • we used a 20 year comparison of rates because it allows a better perspective on Ohio's gun violence growth;

  • at the beginning of this period Ohio's gun death rate was significantly below the overall US rate, and at the end of the period Ohio's gun death rate was significantly above the overall US rate;

  • years of policies and laws that promote easy access to guns and the proliferation of guns into more hands and more places have not made Ohioans safer; in fact the data shows that firearms are an increasing threat to Ohioans' safety.

 

What else has been going on in Ohio in the last 20 years that might account for the great increase in gun deaths and gun death rates?
POPULATION GROWTH
Does population growth in Ohio explain the growth in gun deaths?
The graph at right compares Ohio's population growth from 2000 to 2019 with the growth in numbers of gun deaths and the growth in gun death rates.
Sources: US Census, CDC-WONDER
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LEGISLATION
Does Ohio's expansion of rights for gun owners in the past 20 years offer an explanation for increased gun violence in the state?
 
The timeline below highlights key legislation passed in Ohio that expanded the rights of gun owners to carry concealed firearms, expanded legal defenses for using a gun against another person, and reduced restrictions on gun owners' rights.
  • 2004: Ohio passes “shall issue” concealed carry law
  • 2006: Ohio passes law to establish state preemption on gun regulation (later upheld by Ohio Supreme Court against home rule challenges)

  • 2008: Ohio passes law that secures “Castle Doctrine” rights in home and car and also expands rights of permit holders to carry concealed guns into may previously prohibited places

  • 2011: Ohio passes law to expand concealed carry rights into establishments that serve alcohol, both restaurants and bars so long as concealed carrier does not drink

  • 2012: Ohio passes law reducing competency requirements for concealed carry permits renewals

  • 2014: Ohio passes law reducing the training requirement for concealed carry permits as well as eliminating or reducing numerous restrictions on concealed carry rights

  • 2016: Ohio passes law to permit concealed carry in numerous previously prohibited places including day care facilities and higher ed institutions with permission, and employer owned parking lots.

  • 2020: Ohio passes “stand your ground” providing a stronger basis for offering a self-defense justification for the use of deadly force