The information below is taken from the CDC Wonder website. Their data is provided for years1999 through 2019.*
*2020 data should be available by Jan. 2022.
US FIREARM DEATHS
10 Year US Total Deaths:
2010 Total Deaths: 31,672
2019 Total Deaths: 39,707
2010-2019 Comparison: +25%
10 Year US Suicide Deaths:
2010 Suicide Deaths: 19,392
2019 Suicide Deaths: 23,941
2010-2019 Comparison: +23%
10 Year US Homicide Deaths:
2010 Homicide Deaths: 11,078
2019 Homicide Deaths: 14,414
2010-2019 Comparison: +30%
OHIO FIREARM DEATHS
10 Year Ohio Total Deaths:
2010 Total Deaths: 1,148
2019 Total Deaths: 1,578
2010-2019 Comparison: +37%
10 Year Ohio Suicide Deaths:
2010 Suicide Deaths: 724
2019 Suicide Deaths: 980
2010-2019 Comparison: +35%
10 Year Ohio Homicide Deaths:
2010 Homicide Deaths: 396
2019 Homicide Deaths: 565
2010-2019 Comparison: +43%
US & OHIO FIREARM DEATH RATES
20 Year US Death Rates (per 100,000)
2000 US Crude Rate: 10.2
2019 US Crude Rate: 12.1
2000-2019 Comparison: +19%
20 Year Ohio Death Rates (per 100,000)
2000 OH Crude Rate: 7.8
2019 OH Crude Rate: 13.5
2000-2019 Comparison: +73%
Comparing Ohio to Overall US Rate:
2000: Ohio rate was 24% below US rate
2019: Ohio rate was 12% above US rate
Comparing Gun Death Numbers:
both the US and Ohio increased significantly over 10 years;
both the US and Ohio experienced relatively stable numbers from 2010-2014, then increased sharply to plateau again from 2017-2019;
we will not have 2020 numbers from the CDC until late in 2021, but Gun Violence Archive also builds a respected gun violence database, and Gun Violence Archive has a preliminary estimate of over 43,500 deaths in 2020, a 10% increase over 2019 (https://www.gunviolencearchive.org/past-tolls);
Comparing Gun Death Rates:
comparing gun death rates allows a direct comparison of Ohio data to US data;
we used a 20 year comparison of rates because it allows a better perspective on Ohio's gun violence growth;
at the beginning of this period Ohio's gun death rate was significantly below the overall US rate, and at the end of the period Ohio's gun death rate was significantly above the overall US rate;
years of policies and laws that promote easy access to guns and the proliferation of guns into more hands and more places have not made Ohioans safer; in fact the data shows that firearms are an increasing threat to Ohioans' safety.
What else has been going on in Ohio in the last 20 years that might account for the great increase in gun deaths and gun death rates?
Does population growth in Ohio explain the growth in gun deaths?
The graph at right compares Ohio's population growth from 2000 to 2019 with the growth in numbers of gun deaths and the growth in gun death rates.
Sources: US Census, CDC-WONDER
Does Ohio's expansion of rights for gun owners in the past 20 years offer an explanation for increased gun violence in the state?
The timeline below highlights key legislation passed in Ohio that expanded the rights of gun owners to carry concealed firearms, expanded legal defenses for using a gun against another person, and reduced restrictions on gun owners' rights.
2004: Ohio passes “shall issue” concealed carry law
2006: Ohio passes law to establish state preemption on gun regulation (later upheld by Ohio Supreme Court against home rule challenges)
2008: Ohio passes law that secures “Castle Doctrine” rights in home and car and also expands rights of permit holders to carry concealed guns into may previously prohibited places
2011: Ohio passes law to expand concealed carry rights into establishments that serve alcohol, both restaurants and bars so long as concealed carrier does not drink
2012: Ohio passes law reducing competency requirements for concealed carry permits renewals
2014: Ohio passes law reducing the training requirement for concealed carry permits as well as eliminating or reducing numerous restrictions on concealed carry rights
2016: Ohio passes law to permit concealed carry in numerous previously prohibited places including day care facilities and higher ed institutions with permission, and employer owned parking lots.
2020: Ohio passes “stand your ground” providing a stronger basis for offering a self-defense justification for the use of deadly force